God’s Judgments Upon Pharoah: the Plagues – Exodus 7-11
Now was the time when the Israelites would be delivered from the land of Egypt. The LORD said to Moses “I have made you a god to Pharoah and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet. You shall speak all that I command you, and Aaron shall speak to Pharoah. And I will harden Pharoah’s heart, and send many signs and wonders in the land of Egypt. But Pharoah shall not listen to you so that I may lay my hand upon Egypt and bring my people, the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. And the people shall know that I am the LORD.. and Moses and Aaron did as the LORD commanded them.
Water Turns to Blood
And so Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh in the power of God and Moses told Pharaoh “The LORD God has sent me to you saying ‘Let my people go’ and the waters of Egypt, the streams, the rivers, the ponds and pools, were turned to blood, and the fish died and the people could not drink, but Pharaoh would not let the people go.
Plague of Frogs
Next the LORD sent Moses and told him to say this to Pharoah: “Let my people go so they may serve me. If you refuse to let them go, behold, I will bring frogs to all your land. Soon the LORD sent frogs which were everywhere, and covered the land, and Pharaoh called for Moses to ask the LORD to remove the frogs, but when they were gone, Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not let the people go.
Plague of Flies
Then the LORD told Moses to stretch out the rod and the dust of the land was turned into lice and the lice were in men, and in the animals, but Pharaoh’s heart was hardened. Next the LORD told Moses to tell Pharaoh that if he did not let the people go, there would be swarms of flies everywhere. But where the Israelites lived, God would not send the flies, so that everyone would know that the LORD was in control. And so the flies were everywhere, and Pharaoh told Moses the people could sacrifice to the LORD in the wilderness, but when the LORD removed the flies, Pharaoh hardened his heart, and would not let the people go.
Plague of Animal Illness
Next the LORD struck all the animals that belonged to the Egyptians with an illness, and they died, but the animals of the Israelites did not die. But Pharaoh hardened his heart, and would not let the people go.
Plague of Hail mixed with Fire
Then the LORD sent boils, (those are sores) upon men throughout Egypt, but still Pharaoh would not let the people go, and then the LORD sent hail, and fire mixed with the hail, very terrible, and it stuck the land of Egypt, but where the Israelites were, there was no hail. And now Pharaoh told Moses that he had sinned, but when the hail stopped, he hardened his heart and would not let the people go.
Plague of Locusts
And then the LORD sent locusts, those are like big grasshoppers. and they ate everything which was untouched by the hail, and they were everywhere, and so again Pharaoh told Moses that he had sinned against the LORD, but when the LORD took away the locusts, Pharaoh would still not let the people go.
And then the LORD sent a very thick darkness over the land of Egypt for three days, a darkness so dark that it could be felt, there was no sunlight, or moonlight, or starlight, but only a very thick darkness, but all the people of Israel had light. And so Pharaoh told Moses that the people could go, but they had to leave their flocks behind. But when Moses told him that they needed their flocks, Pharaoh hardened his heart again and would not let the people go.
And so now the LORD would bring one more plague, and this one he knew would make Pharaoh let the people of Israel go… and this will be the next story.
Memory Verse: Exodus 7:5 “And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD when I stretch forth my hand upon Egypt.”
1. What was God going to do to bring the people out of Egypt? Answer: He was going to multiply his signs and wonders until the people of Israel were brought out by his great judgments.
2. Name the plagues God sent. Answer: turning the waters to blood, frogs, lice, flies, an illness upon the animals, sores upon men, hail mixed with fire, locusts, and darkness
3. What did Pharaoh do every time a plague was sent? Answer: He hardened his heart and would not let the people go.