The Passover – Exodus 12
In our last story, we read of the judgments and plagues God sent upon the land of Egypt, but Pharaoh would not let the people go. But God knew that after the final judgment, Pharaoh would let the people go.
the LORD told Moses that this month, the month that God brought Israel out of bondage in Egypt, was the beginning of months. It was to be the first month of the year to Israel. On the 10th day of this month, each house was to take one lamb without blemish, male, which was under a year old, of the sheep or of the goats. The lamb was to live in the house with the people, and at the end of the fourteenth day they were to kill the lamb in the evening.
And they were to take the blood of the lamb and put it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the house, and they were to roast the lamb and eat it quickly, and nothing was to remain. They were to be fully dressed and wearing their shoes. And that night the LORD would pass through the land, and all the people who were the first ones born in their family would die, but the blood of the lamb was to be a sign, and whenever God saw the blood on the doorposts he would pass over the house, and no one in that house would die. God said “When I see the blood, I will pass over you….” And this day was to be called the Passover, and was to be celebrated each year.
The people of Israel did as the LORD had commanded, and at midnight on the chosen day, the LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, all the people born first in the land who were not protected by the blood of the lamb died, including Pharaoh’s first-born child, and even the firstborn of livestock.
Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron at night and said “rise up, and go forth from my people, both you and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as you have said. Take also your flocks and your herds and be gone and bless me also. The Egyptians were very anxious for the Israelites to leave for they said “We all be dead men.”
The children of Israel did as Moses had said, and borrowed from the Egyptians jewels of silver and jewels of gold, and clothing, and there were 600,000 men, not counting women and children. And so after 430 years, the time had come for the Israelites to leave the land of Egypt, and God brought them out of the land.
The blood of the lamb which protected the people of Israel is a perfect picture of the precious blood of the Lord Jesus Christ, who died on the cross for us.
Memory verse: Exodus 12:13 “…when I see the blood, I will pass over you.”
1. What was the LORD going to do to the people of Egypt? Answer: He was going to cause the first-born person in each family to die.
2. What instructions did the LORD give about the lamb the people chose? Answer: There was to be one for every house, it was to be without blemish, it was to be less than a year old, and it was to live with them in the house until the 14th day.
3. What were they supposed to do when the lamb was killed? Answer: they were to take the blood of the lamb and put it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the house, and they were to roast the lamb and eat it quickly, and nothing was to remain. They were to be fully dressed and wearing their shoes.
4. What happened when the LORD came through the land? Answer: When He saw the blood on the door posts, no one in that house died, but all the people who were born first who were not protected by the blood of the lamb died.