David and Goliath – 1 Samuel 17
Now at the time when Saul was still king over the children of Israel, there was a great battle. Some people called the Philistines were on one mountain, and the army of King Saul was on another mountain, and there was a valley between them.
The Philistines had a great mighty man named Goliath, who was very tall. He was a giant. He wore a brass helmet on his head, and he wore a coat of steel which was very heavy. He carried a long, heavy spear and he had a servant which went before him carrying Goliath’s shield. And every day he went and called out to Israel saying “Why do you want to battle with everyone? Am I not a Philistine and you servants to Saul? Choose a man from you and let him come down to me. If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants, but if I kill him, I will win and then you shall be our servants and serve us. Give me a man so we may fight together.”
Now when Saul and the Israelites heard this, they were very upset, and very frightened, because Goliath was so much bigger and stronger than any of their men. And Goliath came every day for 40 days, morning and evening, with a challenge to King Saul to send a man to fight with him.
In a previous story we learned how the LORD God told Samuel to go and anoint one of the son’s of Jesse because he was to be the LORD God’s chosen king over Israel. At this time of Goliath, the three oldest sons of Jesse were in Saul’s army. David was in Bethlehem caring for his father’s sheep. And Jesse told David to take corn and bread and cheese and run to the camp where his brother’s were to see how they were doing, because by now Saul and his men were fighting with the Philistines.
David got up early in the morning, left the sheep with a keeper, and obeyed his father. Just as he got to the place where the battle was they were going out to fight. David ran and saw his brothers, and as he was talking with them Goliath came and spoke the same words he had been speaking for 40 days, but this time David heard him, and saw that Goliath was challenging the army of the living God. And so David went to King Saul and offered to fight with Goliath, but Saul said “You are not able to fight him, because you are only a young man, but he is a man of war.” David answered him “I kept my father’s sheep and killed a lion and a bear that had come to take the sheep. This Philistine shall be as one of them because he has spoken against the army of the living God.” And then David showed that he was trusting the Lord because he said “The LORD that delivered me out of the paws of the lion and the bear, will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine.” And so Saul said “Go, and the LORD be with you.” Saul wanted to give David his armor, but David would not take it because he had never used it before.
And so David, armed only with his shepherd’s staff and his sling, went to a little creek and chose five smooth stones and put them in a little bag, then he went towards Goliath. Now when Goliath saw David, he cursed David and said “Am I a dog that you come to me with sticks?” and David said to him “You come to me with a sword, and a spear and a shield, but I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the army of Israel. This day will the LORD deliver you into my hand and I will kill you..and all these armies will know that the LORD saves not with sword and spear, for the battle is the LORD’s and he will give you into my hands.”
And as Goliath came towards David, David hurried and ran to meet him. He took a stone out of his bag and put it in the sling and threw it, and it struck Goliath in the forehead and sunk into his forehead, and Goliath fell to the ground. So David had victory with a sling and a stone, but there was no sword in his hand. And so David took Goliath’s sword and cut off his head, and when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they ran away.
And that is how David won the battle with Goliath, because he trusted the LORD, and knew that the battle was the LORD’s and that He would give David the victory.
Memory Verse: 1 Samuel 17:45 “you come to me with a sword, and with a spear and with a shield: but I come to you in the name of the LORD.”
1. Why did David come to the place where the battle was? Answer: His father told him to take corn, bread and cheese to his brothers.
2. What did King Saul want to give David? Answer: His armour
3. What did David take into battle with Goliath? Answer: His staff, his sling and five smooth stones
4. How could a stone kill a giant with armor on? Answer: Because the stone hit him in the forehead, the only place that wasn’t protected.
5. Who gave David the victory? Answer: The LORD gave David the victory.